covid-19: see advice in the Freelance.

Rates are largely set throughout the industry by NUJ agreements with the BBC on minima. In the ever-expanding independent production sector, however, freelances may have to negotiate hard - and invoice early and often.

More advice and links...
* BECTU/PACT production agreement independents - no longer specifies rates
* Uploaded 19/10/2121: if you have a printout, check the current version at
* Rates for the Job good, bad and ugly
* Join the NUJ to get individual advice & representation

Text © Mike Holderness & previous contributors; Moral rights asserted. The collection (database right) © National Union of Journalists. Comments to please. You may find the glossary helpful.

The National Union of Journalists must not, can not and would not wish to dictate rates or terms of engagement to members or to editors. The information presented here is for guidance and as an aid to equitable negotiation only.

Suggestions apply to contracts governed by UK law only. In any event, nothing here should be construed as legal advice.