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Notes on negotiating rates for
Print media / Regional newspapers

These are some things to remember when negotiating rates for work for regional newspapers. And please send us your accounts of successful negotiations.

  • The rates suggested for copyright work are for limited licences: each extra use licensed attracts an extra fee.
  • The rates are suggested as minima from which freelances will negotiate upward according to their experience and specialist knowledge and the value of the work.
  • If the newspaper wants to make further use of the work, it is usually down to the freelance to do the thinking for the editor: "OK, what do you need? Use in a nearby sister paper? How about 30 per cent extra?" Editors are trying to think about the content and want not to think about copyright at the same time, so the freelance needs to do that for them to achieve an equitable agreement.
  • The NUJ recommends that any work commissioned and delivered on time and to specification should be paid for in full, whatever happens to it after that. Editors who have over-commissioned, changed their minds, or (especially) taken over the commissioning editor's job often offer instead a "kill fee", typically half the agreed fee. The NUJ recommends that work submitted on time and to spec should be paid for in full; but the freelance has to decide whether to press the issue; they may after all save some time checking edited copy and they may be able to negotiate a replacement commission from the same paper and sell the rejected piece elsewhere. See Kill Fees for commissioned articles.
  • Many newspapers have set rates for sub-editing shifts, often tied formally or informally to house agreements for staff pay. By law, freelances should almost always get payment for time off on top of these rates - see Shift payments - tax and time off.
  • As a rule of thumb, a shift that is booked but then cancelled with less than a week's notice should be paid in full.
  • The Inland Revenue periodically pressures publishers to deduct tax at source from payments for shifts: Shift payments - tax and time off also gives advice on getting paid gross.
  • The rates for shifts do not include paid time off.
  • Many publishers operate a so-called "self-billing" system, under which payments appear magically with a kind of retroactive purchase order. This does give editors the option of boosting the fee for a piece they like. Both sides should check that it is at least as much as was agreed. See Getting your money.
  • Freelances who are registered for VAT will add it to every invoice. Usually, they will need to invoice even publishers that operate "self billing".

See the advice section on print media and general advice for more discussion of these matters.

More advice and links...
* Interest and penalty calculator and the law on late payments
* Uploaded 14/08/2222: if you have a printout, check the current version at
* Rates for the Job good, bad and ugly
* Join the NUJ to get individual advice & representation

Text © Mike Holderness & previous contributors; Moral rights asserted. The collection (database right) © National Union of Journalists. Comments to please. You may find the glossary helpful.

The National Union of Journalists must not, can not and would not wish to dictate rates or terms of engagement to members or to editors. The information presented here is for guidance and as an aid to equitable negotiation only.

Suggestions apply to contracts governed by UK law only. In any event, nothing here should be construed as legal advice.